True value theory makes the central claim that the concept of truth is directly related to energy use. Truth is, essentially, an energy saving property. A true statement, true sentence or proposition is one that has the capacity to save energy. True value theory also makes the claim that Morality is strongly connected to truth, because morality is at its deepest and most fundamental level, an energy saving instinct. Our concepts and deep feelings of what is good and bad are, at the most fundamental level, tied to saving energy.
True value theory hypothesizes that human beings have an energy saving instinct deeply rooted in the subconscious. Energy saving is a funamental and critical task that would have to be have been formed deep in the evolutionary history of the mind, because it is so critical for survival. Our concepts of truth and morality may be directly linked to this powerful subconscious process.
If this is correct, then a moral instinct that is tied to conserving energy should present itself at a very young age. This instinct should assign intuitive good feelings to behaviors and actions which ultimately conserve energy, and should assign intuitively bad feelings to behaviors which waste energy. In a group setting, this would mean intuitively considering as bad behaviors which dimish the efficiency of a group. For example, a physically able member of a group who does not contribute to work causes all the other members of the group to work harder to achieve the same output. It is in the interest of conserving energy for the other members of the group to work against this behavior. The energy saving subconscious instinct we call morality therefore creates very negative feelings and associations with this behavior.
The study, "Even 4-year-olds dislike freeloaders." strongly corroborates these claims. This study involved children working in a garden to plant seeds in exchange for tomatoes. When a child who didn't work was rewarded, the other children exhibited a strong aversion. They were willing even to give up stickers in order to punish freeloaders. They had a strong, intuitive negative response to behavior that was energetically unfavorable for them. Interestingly, the younger children actually had a deeper aversion to free-riders than older children. This indicates that the behavior is instinctual, rather than being gradually learned and strengthened by society.
True value theory claims that energy saving is the simplest, most powerful, and ultimately best explanation for moral instinct. That this instinct is fundamenal, and moreover that it is deeply tied to our conception of truth.